B4443 - An examination of the association between school absence and exclusion and violent crime - 09/11/2023

B number: 
Principal applicant name: 
Alison Teyhan | University of Bristol
Rosie Cornish, Iain Brennan, Jasmine Rollings
Title of project: 
An examination of the association between school absence and exclusion and violent crime
Proposal summary: 

Understanding the relationship between absence from school – unenforced, in the form of absence, or enforced, in the form of suspension or exclusion – and violence is a pressing issue. There are strong beliefs among some policy-makers and researchers that exclusions, in particular, are a direct cause of later offending and, on this basis, some school areas have moved to prohibit exclusions. While there are many harms associated with absence or exclusion, misconstruing the nature of the link between them and violence risks stigmatising those children and distracting attention from the underlying causes of violence. We seek to estimate the absence/exclusion-violence connections in a way that will inform school policies and guide the timing and context of violence prevention programmes for the future.

Impact of research: 
There is currently a lack of evidence as to whether the observed relationship between violent offending and exclusion and absence from school is causal. The aim is that our study will contribute to the evidence base on whether interventions to improve school attendance/reduce exclusion are likely to reduce youth violence.
Date proposal received: 
Monday, 23 October, 2023
Date proposal approved: 
Tuesday, 24 October, 2023
Criminology Violence Education, Behaviour - e.g. antisocial behaviour, risk behaviour, etc., Computer simulations/modelling/algorithms, Childhood - childcare, childhood adversity, Education, school absence, school exclusion, crime, violence