B4233 - Investigate maternal and paternal risk factors for violence during pregnancy and its lasting impact for everyone - 11/01/2023

B number: 
Principal applicant name: 
Heidi Stöckl | Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (Germany)
Sarah Meyer, Neema Mosha, Rebecca Brambilla
Title of project: 
Investigate maternal and paternal risk factors for violence during pregnancy and its lasting impact for everyone
Proposal summary: 

Intimate partner violence is a recognized human rights, development, and public health issue, with one in three women globally estimated to have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by their partner during their lifetime. One of the times in life when women are believed to be spared from violence is pregnancy, a period when the well-being of the women and their unborn children is often prioritized. Yet, the reality is different. Worldwide, the prevalence of physical intimate partner violence during pregnancy ranges from 1 to 28 percent, with one in four women reporting that the violence was explicitly directed at their pregnant abdomen. The overarching aim of this proposal is to understand the risk and protective factors to mitigate the intergenerational transmission of violence during pregnancy and its short and long-term effects of violence during pregnancy. This will be achieved by firstly investigating the short and long-term social and health effects of violence during pregnancy on women and on their male and female children, secondly establishing that violence during pregnancy is a marker for severe violence during the lifetime and thirdly, exploring the maternal and paternal risk and protective factors for the intergenerational transmission of violence during pregnancy. Information on short and long-term health consequences will be based on both biomarkers and self-reported health assessments of mothers, daughters and sons.

Impact of research: 
Data emerging from this analysis will be synthesized with data emerging from a parallel cohort that we are aiming to collect data from in Bangladesh (MINIMAT birth cohort), cross-sectional data analysis using the Demographic and Health Surveys and qualitative interviews. Together, this information that provides evidence that emerging pathways and mechanisms are not only relevant for one part of the world should inform the development of an ecological intergenerational theoretical framework to inform programmes that prevent violence during pregnancy early on, influence other violence prevention programmes and promote the most effective multi-sectoral provisions and strategies for intervention.
Date proposal received: 
Wednesday, 11 January, 2023
Date proposal approved: 
Wednesday, 11 January, 2023
Social Science, Pregnancy - e.g. reproductive health, postnatal depression, birth outcomes, etc., Intimate partner violence, Statistical methods, Biomarkers - e.g. cotinine, fatty acids, haemoglobin, etc., Childhood - childcare, childhood adversity, Fathers, Mothers - maternal age, menopause, obstetrics, Offspring, Social science