B3533 - Association between childhood trauma cognitive styles and depression - 12/05/2020

B number: 
Principal applicant name: 
Alex Kwong | UoB
Dr Rebecca Pearson, Meera Bazaz
Title of project: 
Association between childhood trauma, cognitive styles and depression
Proposal summary: 

Existing research on depression vulnerability shows that early experiences such as exposure to childhood abuse could leave “cognitive scars”, which could increase vulnerability in later stages of life. Childhood emotional maltreatment is found to be strongly associated with vulnerability to psychopathology in comparison to physical and sexual maltreatment.(1) Adolescents having experienced childhood maltreatment were shown to depict reduced positive spontaneous thought, a feature of ruminative thinking constituting a risk factor for depression.(2) However, the role of mediating factors like cognitive styles in the association between childhood trauma and depression could be further explored. Various trauma types excepting physical neglect, predict depressive rumination, which predicts depression.(3) The differential association between age of exposure to trauma or specific trauma types and depression could be further researched as exposure to trauma in adolescence may have a greater effect size than that during early childhood with regard to developing increased odds of psychotic experiences. Examining the influence of mediating factors could be beneficial for preventing mental health issues such as distress and impairment at the population level by targeting negative cognitive styles.(4) Age groups requiring further support and intervention could be identified for addressing specific types of childhood trauma

Impact of research: 
Impact on policy/insight into mechanisms
Date proposal received: 
Thursday, 7 May, 2020
Date proposal approved: 
Tuesday, 12 May, 2020
Mental health - Psychology, Psychiatry, Cognition, Mental health, Statistical methods, Psychology - personality